A Further Contribution to the Commercial History of Glamorgan


Moelwyn I Williams, National Library of Wales journal, Summer, 1961, Vol XII/1. pp58-81

Extracted onto the pages of GENUKI by Gareth Hicks with the kind permission of the National Library of Wales

This is the second part of this 'Further Contribution' follow up series

The information contained in the following tables represents the official record of the coastal trade between Minehead and the Glamorgan 'ports' of Aberthaw and Newton as shown in the Bridgewater   1  series of port books for various years between 1615 and 1701. 2   It should be noted that the tables are used here merely as a convenient form of presenting the details contained in the port books: they do not represent the pattern of the entries as they appear therein.

It is evident that the port books were made up at different intervals by different customs officers or their clerks. Consequently the transcriber is frequently confronted with a change of hand which is usually accompanied by changes in spelling and other details. Therefore, in transcribing these documents I have not hesitated to reproduce the original entries with their inconsistent spelling and capitalisation. Occasionally, I have made use of additional punctuation marks to make the entries more readable. Moreover, for purposes of simplification, I have represented all numbers by using the equivalent arabic numeral. For example, an entry in the port books similar to 'two thousand weight of Wooll' will appear in the tables as '2,000 weight of wooll', and similarly 'three score sheep' would be written as '60 sheep'.

Some of the entries throw welcome light on the significance of certain contemporary units of weight and measure. The 'stone', for example, is sometimes referred to as containing 16 pounds, 3  and at other times 18 pounds. Other entries merely make 'confusion worse confounded'. For example, it will be observed that the terms 'fardle' and 'pocket' were used quite indiscriminately. Small quantities of wool were usually made up into 'fardles' and 'pockets' but such units often contained the same weight of wool, that is, from 50 lbs to 60 lbs. The larger consignments however, were made up into 'bags' which sometimes contained as much as 800 lbs of wool. The terms 'fardle', 'pocket,' and 'bag' did not represent any standard weight.

It will be noted that shipments of coal from Newton were invariably measured in terms of caldrons (or chalders) of London measure---26 cwt per caldron.

Finally, it should be noted that for some years the port books contain entries relating to shipment of goods into and out of Aberthaw and Newton. Accordingly, the terms Intra and Extra have been inserted at the beginning of the appropriate tables.




  • 1. See National Library of Wales journal, Vol. XI, No. 4, pp. 332-333.
  • 2. There is one exception in the table for the year 1661, which has been compiled from the entries recorded in the Swansea and Neath Port Book, P.R.O, E190/1277/3.
  • 3. P.R.O. E190/1088/10. (Entry for 17 Sept. 1635.)
  • 4. P.R.O. E190/1090/1 (Entry for 18 April 1662) Note. The definitive clause '18 pounds to the stone' has in most cases been represented by the symbol (...). Cf. entry for 26 June 1662 et seq.


Pages 59-81 of the article are all Bridgewater Port Books schedules, too onerous to copy here apart for that for 1615 which is shown for illustration purposes. I have instead compiled single indexes of the names of ships, masters and merchants detailed therein. These indexes also include all the names from the continuation articles from the Bridgewater Port Books series in the NLW journal Summer/Winter, 1962, Vol XII/3-4, as in Parts III & IV linked above.

Details of Shipments of Goods into and out of Aberthaw and Newton, for Various Years from 1615 -1701. Transcribed from the King's Remembrancer Port Books.

Extracts from the Bridgewater Port Books (Customer and Controller) P.R.O. E190/1085/11 et al


Destinations for the table below are all Mynehead.


  • 5 Feb.-Speedwell of Newton (18 tonns)-Edward Bowen from Newton-William Thomas-30 kynderkins of butter and 40  stones of Welsh woolles
  • 17 Maye-Harte of Aberthawe-Arthur Spencer from Aberthawe-James Gibbons-30 stones Welshe wooll
  • 17 Maye-Harte of Aberthawe-Arthur Spencer from  Aberthawe-Hamlett Borane-30 stones Welshe wooll
  • 17 Maye-Speedwell of Newton-Edward Bowen from Newton-Charles Morgan-40 stones Welshe wooles
  • 23 Maye-Harte of Aberthawe-Arthur Spenser from Aberthaw-Richard Adams-80 stones Welshe woolles
  • 29 Maie-Flower of Porlock (17 tonns)-Thomas Dunny from Newton-Thomas Ryce-20 stones Welshe woolles
  • 27 Maye-Elizabeth of Aberthawe-Ryce Hopkyn from Cardiff-Walter Atkins-120 stones of Welsh woolles
  • 31 Maye-Speedwell of Newton-Edward Bowen from Newton-Thomas Lewis-100 stones of Welshe woolles
  • 12 June-Edward of Aberthawe (18 tons)-Thomas Spencer from Aberthawe-Thomas Tyrrell-60 stones of Welshe wooll, 2 kinderkins of butter
  • 13 June-John of Mynehead (12 tons)-Richard Joyner(?)  from Newton-John Petty-60 stones of Welshe woolles
  • 22 June-John of Porlock-George [?] from Newton-Thomas Ryce-60 stones of Welshe woolles
  • 13 July-Speedwell of Newton-Edward Bowen from Newton-Hopkyn Davy-150 stones of Welshe Wooll
  • 28 Aug.-Harte of Aberthawe-Arthur Spencer from Aberthawe- Samuell Williams-100 stones of Welshe Woolles
  • 20 Sept.-Speedwell of Newton-Edward Bowen from Newton-Thomas Apievan-40 stones of Welshe woolles
  • 27 Sept.-Elizabeth of Aberthawe-Hugh Jones from Aberthawe-[?]-140 stones of Welshe Wooles, 30 kynderkins of butter
  • 27 Sept.-John of Porlock-Robert Ffrancis from Newton-Thomas Byre-40 stones of Welshe woolles
  • 28 Sept.-Edward of Aberthawe (18 tonns)-Thomas Spencer from Aberthawe-Lewis Mathewe-40 kynderkins of butter
  • 28 Sept.-Edward of Aberthawe -Thomas Spencer from Aberthawe-Richard Adames-80 stones of Welshe woolles
  • 19 Oct.-Speedwell of Newton- Edward Bowen from Newton-Llewellyn Apievan-120 stones of Welshe woolles and 10 kynderkins of butter
  • 16 Nov.-Blessing of Myneheade-Thomas Dunny from Ogmore-Sylvister Bick-100 kinderkins of butter

Ships (Names in schedules)

Adventure of Minehead

Ann(e) of Newton

Anne of Aberthaw

Anne of Newton

Arthur and Mary of Watchett (from Newton)

Barke of Mynehead

Beginning of Porlock

Blessing of Aberthaw (16 tonns)

Blessing of Newton

Blessinge of Mynehead

Bush of Aberthaw

Dove of Aberthaw

Edward of Aberthaw (18 tonns)

Elizabeth & Jane of Aberthaw (16 tonns)

Elizabeth of Aberthaw (30 tonns)

Endeavour of Aberthaw

Endeavour of  Barry

Endeavour of Watchett (from Newton)

Fawclon of Newton

Five Brothers of Newton (burth 30 tons)

Flower of Newton

Flower of Porlock (17 tonns)

Foulcon of Newton

Four Brothers of Minehead

Four Sisters of Aberthaw

George of Cardiff

Gilson Merch(ant)

Greyhound of Watchett (from Newton)

Harry of Abberthaw

Harte of Aberthawe (18 tonns)

Harte of Myneheade (20 tonns)

Hopewell of Bristoll (10 tonns)

Jane of Aberthaw (16 tonns)

John & Thomas of Aberthaw

John and Anne of Mynehead

John and Katherine of Newton (20 tons)

John of Aberthaw (20 tonns)

John of Mynehead (12 tonns)

John of Newton (20 tonns)

John of Porlock

Lamb(e) of Cardiffe

Lambe of Aberthaw

Lawrell of Barry

Little Thomas of Aberthaw (16 tonns)

Liza of Aberthaw (24 tons)

Margaret of Newton (26 tonnes)

Marie of Aberthaw

Mary of Aberthaw (16 tonns)

Mary of Mynhead (from Newton)

Mary of Porlock (10 tuns)

Mayflower of Newton

Mayflower of Wotchett

Nathaniell of Porlocke (14 tonns)

Out of the Five Brothers of Newton

Patience  of Newton

Peter of Myneheade (12 tonns)

Peter of Porlocke (12 tonns)

Prosperous of Minehead

Providence of Newton

Richard and John of Newton (burth 15 tons)

Robert of Abberthaw

Speedwell of Aberthawe (18 tonns)

Speedwell of Newton (16 tuns)

Stirling of Sully

The Bush of Aberthaw

The John & Thomas of Aberthaw

The Lyon of Mynehead (from Newton)

Thomas of Aberthaw (20 tuns)

Three Brothers of Aberthaw

William of Aberthaw



Masters (Names in schedules)

?, George,  Newton

?, Thomas, Newton

Andrew(e)(s), Thomas

Andrewes, Nicholas

ap Bowen, Edward, Newton

Baricute, James

Baricute, John

Bevan, Wm.

Beven, Thomas, Newton

Boddicombe, Robt.

Bowen, Arthur,  Newton

Bowen, David

Bowen, Edward,  Newton

Chedsey, Hugh

Crad(d)ocke, Lewis

David, Griffith

David, Myles, Abberthaw

David, William

Davies, Griffith

Davyd, Ronald, Aberthaw

Dunny, Thomas,  Newton/Ogmore

Ebdon, Wm., Abberthaw

Evan, David

Evans, Jn(o).

Ffrancis, Robert, Newton

Forrest, John

Foul[er?], Robert

Fowler, Robt.

Grant, Wm

Graunt, Thomas, Aberthaw

Hammond, Christopher

Harrwood, Mathew

Hobhouse, John

Hopkin(s), Thomas

Hopkyn, Ryce,  Cardiff

Jay, Geo(rge)

Joanes, Chris

Joanes, Hugh

Joanes, John, Newton

Joanes, Lewis

Joanes, Thos

Jones, Christopher

Jones, Griffith

Jones, Hugh,  Aberthaw

Jones, Lewis

Jones, Thomas

Joyner , Richard,  Newton

Kidnor, Nicholas

Leis(i)on, John

Leison, Joseph

Leison, Thomas

Lewis, John

Lewis, Stephen

Leyshon, John

Leyson, Evan

Leyson, John

Leyson, William

Lishyn, John

Lison, John

Lyson, John

Lyson, Wm.

Mewer, Robert

Moorish, John

Morris, John

Murcombe, George

Nurcombe, Geo(rge)

Nursome, George

Paul, Edmund

Phillips, Robert

Philpott, Wm, Cardiff

Powell, Thomas

Pym, John

Richard, David

Richards, David

Ris, Edward

Roberts, Thomas

Rowland, John, Abberthaw

Rowlands, Edward, Abberthaw

Sillicent, Rob.

Spenc(s)er, Arthur, Aberthaw

Spencer, Christopher/Xpher

Spencer, John, Abberthaw

Spencer, Matthew

Spencer, Richard

Spencer, Samuel

Spencer, Thomas,  Aberthaw

Spencer, William

Spurrier, John

Sutton, John

Sweet(t), William, Abberthaw

Sweet, Arthur

Sweet, Robert

Sweet, Thomas

T(h)omas, And(rew)

Thomas, John

Thomas, William

Thos, Evan

Thoule, Rob.

Tom(m), Andrew

Vir, Edward

Walter, Christopher/Xpher

Walter, Thomas

Warren, James

Washer, William

Watkins, Christopher

Webber, Amos

Webber, Atwell

White, Edward, Newton

Williams, Jo.

Williams, John

Wms, Lewis

Wood, John, Barrie

Young(e), William, Aberthaw




Merchants (Names in schedules)

Adam(e)s, Richard

Alloway, William

Anderson, Thos

Andrews, Thomas

Angel, Edward

Apievan, Llewellyn

Apievan, Thomas

Atkins, Walter

Atwell, William

Aubrey, William

Awbery, Wm

Awbrey, Wm

Ball, Heman

Bantone, Jn.

Baricute, John

Basett, William

Basset(t), Elias

Bevan, David

Bevan, Thomas

Bevan, Wm.

Bick, Sylvester

Blake, John

Blake, Robert

Boggan, Howell

Boggan, John

Borane, Hamlett

Bowen, David

Bowen, Edward

Bowen, Richard

Bradocke, Edward

Brenall(s), John

Browle, Henry

Byre, Thomas

Byton, John

Chedsey, Hugh

Chilcott, Thomas,Milverton, clothier

Collin(g)s, Robert

Colston, Rowland

Cox, John

Craddock, Tho.

Craddocke, Lewis

Crocford, James

Crockford, John

David, Griffith

David, John

David, William

Davie, John, Bayline ?

Davy, Hopkyn

Davye, John (English merchant)

Devonshire, Geo

Doare, James

Donne, J

Dyer, John

Dyer, Robert

Edward(s), Thomas

Edwards, Roger

Evan, David

Evans, Jn.

Fagan, John

Flitt, John

Ford, Richard

Fowler, Robert

Francis, Jenkin

Gibbon, ?

Gibbon, Francis

Gibbon, Rich.

Gibbons, James

Gimlett, Francis

Grant, William

Griffie, Roger

Griffith, William

Griffiths, Tho.

Hammond, Christopher

Harrwood, Mathew

Harry, John

Hayman, George

Haynes, Hopkin

Hobhouse, John

Hopkin, Thomas

Hopkin, Wm.

Houson, Charles

Hugh, Evan

Hurd, Richard

Jay, Geo(rge)

Jenkin(s), Richd.

Jenkins, Henry

Joan(e)s, Thos.

Joanes, Chris.

Joanes, Evan

Joanes, Hugh

Joanes, Lewis

Jones, Christopher

Jones, Griffith

Jones, Harry

Jones, Lewis

Jones, Thos

Jones, William

Knight, John

Leis(i)on, John

Leis(i)on, William

Leison, Joseph

Lewis, Thomas

Leyson, Evan

Leyson, John

Lison, John

Lison, Thomas

Lloyd, Aran

Loader, John

Lugg, John

Lyson, John

Lyson, Thomas

Lyson, Wm

Ma(t)thews, Thomas

Mad(d)ock(e), Edward

Madoock, Edward

Martin(e), David

Marwood, George

Mathew(e), Lewis, Colston

Mathew, Phillip

Mayo, John

Merchant, Thomas

Miles, Thomas

Moorish, John

Morgan, Charles

Morgan, David

Morgan, Jenkin

Morgan, Lewis

Morris, Fra(u)ncis

Morris, John

Newell, Cradock

Nicholl(s), Edward -& Nichol/Nichells

North, Abraham

Panter, William

Peiry, John

Perr(y), John

Petty, John

Phillips, Robt.

Pirry, John

Punter, Willyam

Ranals, Nicholas

Raynold, Nicholas

Redwell, Peter

Reece, Watkin

Rice, Watkin

Richard(s), David

Richards, Wm

Riches, Edward

Rinall, Nicholas

Rinold, Nicholas

Ris, Edward

Rise, Thomas

Ryce, Thomas

Sandford, Thomas

Sewell, Anthony

Spencer, Arthur

Spencer, Christopher/Xpher

Spencer, John

Spencer, Joseph

Spencer, Richard

Spencer, Thomas

Spencer, William

Spurrier, John/Jno

Stradling, William

Sweet, Arthur

Sweet, John

Sweet, William

Thaws, John

Thomas, David

Thomas, Evan

Thomas, Francis

Thomas, Jenkin, Wotchett

Thomas, John

Thomas, Lewis

Thomas, Richard

Thomas, William

Tidder, Alexander

Tirrell, Thomas, Exeter

Tom(m), Andrew

Tomas, And(rew)

Tyrrell, Thomas

Vaughan, David

Vaughan, John

Vir, Edward

Wade, William

Walter, Xpher

Walters, Arnold

Walters, Willyam

Washer, William

Watkin(s), Richd.

Webber, Amos

Webber, Atwell

Wells, Mathew

Wescott, John

Whidden, Thomas

Wilkin, Rcd

Willet(t), Wm.

William(s), Thomas

William, Arthur

William, Lewis

William, Richard

Williams, Daniell

Williams, Edward

Williams, Evan

Williams, John

Williams, Katherine

Williams, Michl./Michaell

Williams, Phillip

Williams, Robert

Williams, Samuell

Williams, Wm.

Williams, Xpher

Willyams, Thomas

Wilson, Thomas

Wood, John



The schedules are variously signed by the following people;

  • Blake, Geo - Depty Comptroller
  • Culliforde, Lawrence - Compt.
  • Hillier, James - Deputy Comptroller
  • James, Richard - Customer
  • Litham, Mich? - D. Compt
  • Pulham, Mich.  - D. Comptroller
  • Wolstonhome, Thos. - Customs Collector
  • Worth, Ande - Custr.