"TRÊVILAN (TRÊV-ILAR), a parish in the lower division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 7 miles (N. by W.) from Lampeter, containing 313 inhabitants. This parish is pleasantly situated in the Vale of Aëron and on the high road from Lampeter to Aberystwith. The surrounding country is boldly varied, and the scenery is in some parts picturesque. In the southern part of the parish is the small village of`Talsarn, deriving its name from a branch of a Roman road or causeway which terminated here, and which is situated on the bank of the river Aëron .."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]


Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Trefilan Parish Church David Griffiths, Incumbent

      Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

      • St Hilary
      • Incumbent and Curates; A S Thomas
      • Rural Deanery of Ultra Aeron
      • Acreage 2,214 ; Population 178

          St Hilary - photograph on Dyfed FHS

          See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph


            Church Records

            See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

            Parish Register;
            Baptisms 1705-1800, 1813-1993. Marriages 1705-53, 1757-1811, 1813-1971 [Banns 1878-1973]. Burials 1705-1800 , 1813-1983 NLW/Cer.RO
            Copy ts PR M 1708-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
            Bishops Transcripts;
            1678, 1684, 1811-38, 1840-71, 1873-83 NLW

            See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

            I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-75

            Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 3: Ilar (Lower) Hundred . Parishes covered: Cilcennin, Henfynyw, Llanbadarn Trefeglwys, Llanddeiniol, Llanddewi Aberarth, Llangwyryfon, Llanrhystud, Llansantffraid, Llanychaiarn, Trefilan

            Nonconformist Chapels;

            Hermon CM chapel, Tymawr (Tri Crug)

            • Capel Hermon Welsh CM chapel, Tymawr which may be known as Tri Chrug SN54395861 Started 1743, chapel built 1888. Sunday School founded 1806 & schoolhouse built 1882. Members; 30 in 1887 Not still open 1998 (residential). (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales & Rawlins - see Notes on Church/Chapel Records page)
            • Hanes Methodistiaeth, rhan ddeheuol Sir Aberteifi : oddechreuad y "Diwvgiad Methodistaidd" yn 1735 hyd 1900 . By John Evans. Dolgellau , 1904. (Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church History in the southern part of Cardiganshire from 1735 to 1900) This book contains an entry for each CM chapel in existence in South Cardiganshire at the end of 1900, including this one. It includes a history of preaching in the area before the chapel was built, lists deacons, ministers etc, and contains a wealth of genealogical information.

                  Description & Travel

                  The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

                  • Area 2201 acres; Population 151 males, 157 females, total 308

                  Various landscapes  - on the People's Collection Wales site

                  Jones, S J & D E Davies Excavations at Pen-y-Glogau, south Cardiganshire Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society Vol 7 1930 Welsh Journals Online

                  You can see pictures of Trefilan which are provided by:



                  The transcription of the section for Trefilan from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

                  Description of the parish of Trefilan from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.



                  Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on page 257; referred to as Tresilan parish. The church, rebuilt in 1806, is a rectory, the last 3 incumbents were the Rev David Lloyd, Rev Henry Rogers, Rev Thomas Davies.


                  Land & Property

                  Documents held at the NLW :

                  • Cardiganshire Rentals ;
                    1-7. Lordship of Tal-sarn and Silian, c.1891-1914 (Trefilan and Silian).


                  The parish of Trefilan, Cardiganshire  - on the People's Collection Wales site

                  Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

                  You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN546585 (Lat/Lon: 52.205628, -4.128928), Trefilan which are provided by:


                  Names, Geographical

                  Places, villages, farms etc within Trefilan as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

                  • Trefilan (58); Afon Aeron; Blaen-rhiw-afallen; Brynog; Dolau-coion; Gwar-allt; Hafof-gors; Nant y Fergi; Nant Rhiw-affallen; Pant-y-gwas; Pen-lan; Pil-bach; Talsarn;